Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Ships of the Nationalist and Republican Navies during the Spanish Civil War: General Mola/Archimede-Class Submarines

These submarines were originally built for the Royal Italian Navy at the Franco Tosi shipyard in Taranto, and were transferred to the Nationalist Navy in April 1937. General Sanjurjo (ex-Archimede) was launched in 1933, and General Mola (ex-Evangelista Torricelli) was launched in 1934.

Ships’ characteristics:
  • Displacement: 970 tons surfaced; 1,239 tons submerged
  • Dimensions:
    • Length: 231' 4" (70.5m)
    • Beam: 22' 6" (6.87m)
    • Draught: 13' 6" (4.12m)
  • Maximum Speed: 17 knots surfaced; 8 knots submerged
  • Armament: 1 x 3.9" (100mm) (1 x 1); 2 x 0.5" (13.2mm) Machine Guns (2 x 1); 8 x 21" (533mm) Torpedo Tubes (4 bow, 4 stern)
  • Complement: 55
General Sanjurjo survived the Civil War, and was stricken and broken-up in 1959.
General Mola survived the Civil War, and was stricken and broken-up in 1959.

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